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The Bracken Basic Concept Scale—Revised (BBCS–R) is used to assess the basic concept development of children ages 2 years, 6 months through 7 years, 11 months.

A revision of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale originally published in 1984, BBCS–R measures the comprehension of 308 functionally relevant educational concepts in 11 subtests or concept categories. The first six categories comprise the School Readiness Composite (SRC), which can be used to assess children’s knowledge of the concepts that parents and preschool and kindergarten teachers traditionally teach children to prepare them for formal education.

BBCS–R is a developmentally sensitive measure of children’s basic concept acquisition and receptive language skills. The scale enables you to assess important conceptual and receptive language abilities in children rather than only their knowledge of common vocabulary. The concepts assessed are acquired in a developmentally predictable way that is consistent across cultures and languages studied.

The test is individually administered, and the concepts are presented orally within the context of complete sentences and visually in a multiple-choice format.

The 11 BBCS–R subtests include the following concept categories presented in their order on the test:
  • Colors—represents both primary colors and basic color terms.
  • Letters—measures knowledge of both upper- and lowercase letters.
  • Numbers/Counting—measures recognition of single- and double-digit numbers and samples the ability to assign a number value to a set of objects.
  • Sizes—includes concepts that describe one, two, and three dimensions.
  • Comparisons—measures ability to match and/or differentiate objects based on one or more of their salient characteristics.
  • Shapes—includes one-, two-, and three-dimensional shapes. The one-dimensional category includes linear shapes; two-dimensional shapes are represented by concepts such as the circle, square, and triangle; and three-dimensional shapes include concepts such as the cube and pyramid.
  • Direction/Position—includes relational terms that describe the placement of one object relative to another, the position of an object relative to itself or an unspoken second object, or a direction of placement.
  • Self-/Social Awareness—represents a conceptual domain measured infrequently by preschool and primary language scales. Included in the self-awareness aspect are concepts with emotional value, while the social awareness aspect includes terms describing kinship, gender, relative ages, and social appropriateness.
  • Texture/Material—includes terms that describe salient characteristics or attributes or the basic composition of an object.
  • Quantity—measures understanding of terms that describe a relative degree of existence.
  • Time/Sequence—measures understanding of occurrences along a temporal or sequential continuum and the degree of speed and/or order with which those events occur on the continuum.

Pearson Education Inc publishes the BBCS-R and the information above is sourced from their technical reports about the The Bracken Basic Concept Scale—Revised. BBCS-R® is a registered trademark of NCS Pearson (previously Harcourt Assessment Services). The recommendations made here are those of Think Tonight and are not endorsed by NCS Pearson.
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